Prostate cancer, of course, after skin cancer, is the most common cancer in men. However, in most cases treatment is successful. If you have someone close to that has cancer of the prostate, or if you are experiencing prostate cancer, knowing what to expect will help you cope. We’ll present to you more about the risk factors, symptoms, and causes of cancer of the prostate.
Prostate Cancer Symptoms
In many cases, prostate cancer signs are not obvious in the early stages of the illness. The symptoms of this type cancer might be various for each male and any among these symptoms might be triggered by other conditions.
As an outcome, routine screenings in the type of digital rectal tests (DRE) and prostate-specific androgen (PSA) tests are essential.
The American Cancer Society advises that men make a notified decision with their doctor about whether to be evaluated for prostate cancer, starting at age 50. Men with one or more risk factors for this cancer need to talk to their physician about whether to begin routine screening beforehand.
Urinary symptoms of prostate cancer
Because of the closeness of the prostate gland in relation to the urethra and bladder, prostate cancer might be accompanied by a variety of urinary signs.
Depending on the size and location, a tumor might continue and constrict the urethra, preventing the circulation of urine. Some prostate cancer signs associated with urination include:
- Burning or pain during urination
- Problem urinating, or problem beginning and stopping while urinating
- More frequent urinating at night
- Loss of bladder control
- Reduced flow or speed of urine stream
- Blood in urine (hematuria) (1)
Other prostate cancer symptoms
Cancer of the prostate might spread (metastasize) to close-by tissues or bones. If cancer infects the spine, it may continue in the spinal nerves.
- Blood in semen
- Difficulty getting an erection (erectile dysfunction)
- Painful ejaculation
- Swelling in legs or pelvic location
- Numbness or discomfort in the hips, legs or feet
- Bone discomfort that does not disappear, or leads to fractures
Prostate Cancer Risk Factors
Some of the most common risk factors for prostate cancer include:
- Race: Some studies suggest that African American men are nearly 70 percent more likely to develop prostate cancer in their lifetime rather than Caucasian or Hispanic males.
- Age: The risk of establishing cancer of the prostate increases with age. While only one in 10,000 men under age 40 will be identified with this cancer, one in 15 men in their 60s will be detected with the disease.
- Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN): This condition might be related to the increased threat of prostate cancer. The PIN is a condition in which prostate gland cells look unusual when taken a look at with a microscope. It is not always related to any symptoms. Nearly one-half of men will be identified with a PIN before age 50.
- Genome modifications: Particular genes have actually been known to raise cancer of the prostate risks, such as BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes.
- Diet: A diet high in saturated fat, in addition to obesity, increases the risk of cancer.
- High testosterone levels: Male who use testosterone therapy are most likely to develop cancer of the prostate. This is a result of increased testosterone that stimulates the growth of the prostate gland. (2)
- Famly history: Men with an immediate blood relative, like a father or sibling, who has or had prostate cancer, are two times as likely to develop the disease. If there is another member of the family diagnosed with the disease, the possibilities of getting cancer of the prostate.