Psoriasis is an inflammatory disease of the skin, which occasionally also affects the joints, causing redness, pain, and swelling.
Psoriasis starts in the immune system, especially in the lymphocytes. These cells activate inappropriately and different cellular responses arise, such as the proliferation and dilation of blood vessels. In the rest of people, the cellular change of the epidermis takes 30 days. However, in psoriasis patients, it last four days. This fact causes it to accumulate on the surface causing plaques of thick, peeling and reddish skin that produce itching or pain.
The origin of the disease is still unknown, however, but some consider to be genetic. In fact, the gene whose alliteration influences the appearance of the pathology has been located.
In addition, if one of the two parents is psoriatic, one out of eight children can suffer it. If both parents are affected, the probability rises to one in four. Next, we will discuss what causes it and how it manifests on the skin.
The Main Reason Why Psoriasis Appears:
- Chronic infections
- Consumption of alcohol
- Hormonal changes
- Trauma (wounds, sunburn etc.)
Psoriasis can manifest slowly or appear suddenly. In addition, the symptoms may disappear for a period of time and reappear. The most common manifestations are skin lesions, and some of the rashes may be red and covered by whitish scales of different shape and size, some may be the size of a fingernail, but others might extend to cover large surfaces of the body, adopting a ring or spiral shape.
These are the most common types of psoriasis:
Inverse psoriasis usually affects the genital area, armpits, knees, underarms, breasts, or buttocks. It is extremely unpleasant, and if individuals experience this disease, it is likely that they have similar psoriasis anywhere else on their bodies.
This type of psoriasis is known for the redness, and the smooth rash implemented on the skin. If you have this, you are most likely to develop a yeast infection in the skin folds due to the damp environment.
Guttate psoriasis is a type of psoriasis which looks like small pink salmon drops on the skin. It is usually chronic, however, it can also appear due to infections other than streptococcal bacteria, such as chickenpox or cold.
Usually, guttate psoriasis goes away in a few weeks without treatment. Tranquility and moisturizers help to soften the skin and may be enough care. The choice of treatment depends on the severity of the outbreak and the individual’s preferences.
It is a rare inflammatory type of psoriasis that usually affects most of the body. It is characterized by very sharp and aggressive skin redness.
Pustular generalized psoriasis
Pustular psoriasis is also called psoriasis of Von Zumbusch. It is very uncommon and manifests with large areas of red skin, which hurt and produce pustules. When these pustules dry they reappear cyclically.
Medication and Treatment
- Steroids: Among the most common medicine for mild and moderate psoriasis. They mimic the action of certain hormones that the body naturally produces.
- Tar-based preparations: Tar-based medicine has been used for centuries to treat psoriasis. One of the main disadvantages is the unpleasant odor they give off.
- Calcipotriol: It is a synthetic form of Vitamin D, commonly utilized in the treatment of mild and moderate psoriasis. It does not act quickly, but in the long term, it is effective in controlling it. It is not recommended to put it on the face, as it can cause irritation.
- Salicylic acid: Salicylic acid is used as a complementary treatment. It eliminates the scales of psoriasis plaques and it prepares the skin before using other types of medication.
Natural Treatments for Psoriasis
- Avocado oil
Avocado oil helps to moisturize the skin. Keeping the skin hydrated is really important as it helps with the itching and the pain.
- Sodium bicarbonate
Sodium bicarbonate relieves itching of scaly patches. Mix 1 1/2 cups of baking soda in 3 gallons of water. Apply on psoriasis plates with a cloth soaked in the solution.
- Apple vinegar compresses
Prepare a solution with 1/4 cup of apple cider vinegar and 3/4 cup of warm water. Apply the solution with a clean towel directly on the affected areas and keep the compress on the skin for 30 seconds to 1 minute. Repeat several times a day.
- Vitamin D
Many people report an improvement when they increase their intake of vitamin D. An easy way to get vitamin D is by exposing the skin to the sun. However, it should not last long under the sun because that could make psoriasis worse. You can also talk with your doctor about recommending a vitamin D supplement.